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Cuts for circular proofs: semantics and cut-elimination
February 17, 2014 @ 1:30 pm - 3:30 pm
(joint work with Luigi Santocanale)
One of the authors introduced a calculus of circular proofs for studying the computability arising from the following categorical operations: finite products, finite coproducts, initial algebras, final coalgebras. The calculus is cut-free; even if sound and complete for provability, it lacked an important property for the semantics of proofs, namely fullness w.r.t. the class of intended categorical models (called μ-bicomplete categories).
In this paper we fix this problem by adding the cut rule to the calculus and by modifying accordingly the syntactical constraint ensuring soundness of proofs. The enhanced proof system fully represents arrows of the canonical model (a free μ-bicomplete category). We also describe a cut-elimination procedure as a a model of computation arising from the above mentioned categorical operations. The procedure constructs a cut-free proof-tree with possibly infinite branches out of a finite circular proof with cuts.